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Book Title: Anarkali|
The author of the book: Imtiaz Ali Taj
ISBN 13: No data
Edition: The Electronic Book Company
Date of issue: December 22nd 2013
ISBN: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 612 KB
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Reader ratings: 3.7
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The classic Urdu play, Anarkali was first published in Lahore in 1922. It was written by renowned playwright, Syed Imtiaz Ali Taj and retold in the epic Indian movie, Mughal-e-Azam (1960).
The story takes place in 16th century India. Prince Saleem, eldest son of Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great has returned home after years of military service. He falls in love with Anarkali, a beautiful court dancer and wants to marry her. The Emperor objects because she is of low birth and thus, an inappropriate match for his son. This is underlined when Anrakali performs her art in the Hall of Mirrors. Her sworn enemy, Dilaram another slave-girl, has fixed a mirror so that the Emperor notices Anarkali's lustful gestures of infatuation for Saleem. He orders her to be imprisoned. Saleem defies the Emperor by visiting her prison cell where she begs him to save her as well as his own life. Saleem promises to do so, but if he is to prevail, he must face the full force of the Emperor’s will.
The play has many parallels with Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet as the ‘star-crossed lovers’ discover that the course of true love never did run smooth.
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Read information about the authorSyed lmtiaz Ali Taj is a Pakistani prose and drama writer. He was born in Lahore. After his education, he was able to partake in his father's publishing institution, Dar-ul-Ishaat Punjab.
During his college days he showed his literary qualities by translating and directing several English plays, and then staging them for the college. He sometimes played female roles as girls in his times were not allowed to act.
His earliest involvement with publications began with 'Phool', a children's periodical and 'Tahzeeb-e-Niswan' for women readership.
In 1918 he began the literary magazine called 'Kehkashan' in collaboration with his friend, Maulana Abdul Majeed Salik. In Phool he had the assistance of the famous short story writer Ghulam Abbas Ahmed as well as young Ahmed Nadeem Oasmi.
He translated into Urdu Shakespeare's play 'A Mid Summer Nights Dream' and entitled it in 'Sawan Rain ka sapna'. In 1922 he wrote 'Anarkali', which became a landmark in Urdu drama writing. This was later adapted into feature films in India and Pakistan.
In 1926 he wrote a play 'Chacha Chhakan' which was similar to the famous characters 'Uncle Podger' of the English dramatist Jerome, Chacha Chhakan remains until today the most humorous character in the Urdu literature.
Apart from criticism on drama, he also wrote radio plays, novels, short stories and several film stories, some of them directed by him. As the Director of 'Majlis' he republished many critical works of Urdu literature.
After the establishment of Pakistan, Syed lmtiaz Ali Taj conducted a daily feature 'Pakistan Hamara Hai' for Radio Pakistan. It was no doubt a popular programme.
On 19th April, 1970 while he was asleep, he was shot dead by some unknown persons. His wife Hijab lmtiaz Ali was seriously wounded.
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