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Ebook تفسیر خواب by Sigmund Freud read! Book Title: تفسیر خواب
The author of the book: Sigmund Freud
ISBN 13: 9789643056735
Language: English
Edition: مرکز
Date of issue: 2004
ISBN: 9643056732
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 21.73 MB
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Reader ratings: 3.1

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بیش‌از یک‌قرن‌پیش فروید با نوشتن این‌کتاب، برای تفسیر خواب و رؤیا، که پیش‌ازآن موضوع حدس و گمان‌های عوامانه و سطحی بود، پایه و اسلوبی‌علمی و نظام‌مند فراهم‌کرد و گامی‌بزرگ در زمینه‌ی جست‌وجوی علمی در ذهن انسانی و فهم پدیده‌ها و مسائل ذهنی برداشت. بااین‌حال درآغاز کتاب پیش‌از ارائه‌ی نظریه‌ی خویش، یعنی تلقّی خواب‌دیدن به‌منزله‌ی تحقّق آرزو، سابقه‌ی تحلیل علمی رؤیاها را به‌تفصیل بررسی‌کرد که آن‌نیز نمونه‌ای از کار دقیق پژوهش‌گرانه و ارج‌شناسی تلاش‌های دیگران به‌شمار می‌آید. فروید خواب‌ها را «بزرگراهی به‌درون ناخودآگاه» می‌دانست و عالمان پس‌از او نیز چون‌خود او از این‌بزرگراه برای راه‌یافتن به‌جهان پیچیده‌ی ذهن انسانی بهره‌های بسیار بردند. روان‌کاوی و روان‌درمانی امروز بی‌تردید به‌کار پیشاهنگ و پیشتاز فروید دین بسیار دارد.


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Ebook تفسیر خواب read Online! Dr. Sigismund Freud (later changed to Sigmund) was a neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality. He is regarded as one of the most influential—and controversial—minds of the 20th century.

In 1873, Freud began to study medicine at the University of Vienna. After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. He collaborated with Josef Breuer in treating hysteria by the recall of painful experiences under hypnosis. In 1885, Freud went to Paris as a student of the neurologist Jean Charcot. On his return to Vienna the following year, Freud set up in private practice, specialising in nervous and brain disorders. The same year he married Martha Bernays, with whom he had six children.

Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy with the defences against them. In 1897, he began an intensive analysis of himself. In 1900, his major work 'The Interpretation of Dreams' was published in which Freud analysed dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences.

In 1902, Freud was appointed Professor of Neuropathology at the University of Vienna, a post he held until 1938. Although the medical establishment disagreed with many of his theories, a group of pupils and followers began to gather around Freud. In 1910, the International Psychoanalytic Association was founded with Carl Jung, a close associate of Freud's, as the president. Jung later broke with Freud and developed his own theories.

After World War One, Freud spent less time in clinical observation and concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology. In 1923, he published 'The Ego and the Id', which suggested a new structural model of the mind, divided into the 'id, the 'ego' and the 'superego'.

In 1933, the Nazis publicly burnt a number of Freud's books. In 1938, shortly after the Nazis annexed Austria, Freud left Vienna for London with his wife and daughter Anna.

Freud had been diagnosed with cancer of the jaw in 1923, and underwent more than 30 operations. He died of cancer on 23 September 1939.


Reviews of the تفسیر خواب


RYAN

Time flew unnoticed.

JAYDEN

Masterpiece! Masterpiece! Masterpiece! Just an incredibly scary, deep and interesting book, penetration to shivers!

ZOE

An interesting book, not like the other

JACK

Bogus! You could have done better.

SOPHIE

You need to be clear about what this book is for and what it can give you.




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