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Book Title: The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals|
The author of the book: Charles Darwin
ISBN 13: No data
Edition: The Folio Society
Date of issue: 2008
ISBN: No data
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 562 KB
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In The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Darwin set out ‘to show in considerable detail that all the chief expressions exhibited by man are the same throughout the world.’
And he did just that, compiling hundreds of detailed observations of men, women, children and animals – ‘I tickled the nose of a chimpanzee with a straw’ – in various emotional states. Weeping, blushing, raging, ‘sulkiness’ – all are recorded; we learn of the attributes of the sneer, the pout, the frown. Darwin took his examples from peoples across the world as well as closer to home, including his own family (especially his dog), blind people, the insane, zoo visits... He sent surveys to missionaries, travellers and naturalists enquiring: ‘Is contempt expressed by a slight protrusion of the lips?’, ‘Is extreme fear expressed in the same general manner as with Europeans?’... Their replies, given with ‘unwearied kindness’, convinced Darwin beyond doubt that ‘the several races [are] descended from a single parent-stock’. In 1872, an era dominated by scientific racism, this was a bold statement indeed.
The book was remarkable for another reason, too. It was the first to use photography to illustrate scientific arguments and the images included are extraordinary: babies crying, ladies grimacing, actors feigning emotions, and (most chillingly of all) an asylum patient ‘galvanized’ into an expression of horror – electrodes still hanging from his face.
Also included in this edition is Darwin's Autobiography, written as a private document at the height of his fame.
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Read information about the authorCharles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist, eminent as a collector and geologist, who proposed and provided scientific evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs became accepted by the scientific community and the general public in his lifetime, while his theory of natural selection came to be widely seen as the primary explanation of the process of evolution in the 1930s, and now forms the basis of modern evolutionary theory. In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology, as it provides a unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life.
Darwin developed his interest in natural history while studying medicine at Edinburgh University, then theology at Cambridge. His five-year voyage on the Beagle established him as a geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author. Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin investigated the transmutation of species and conceived his theory of natural selection in 1838. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay which described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories.
His 1859 book On the Origin of Species established evolution by common descent as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. He examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.
In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence, he was one of only five 19th century UK non-royal personages to be honoured by a state funeral, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to John Herschel and Isaac Newton.
(Arabic: تشارلز داروين)
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